Christopher Graham, a common American Ancestor for the Grahams in
America, is reported to have come from two potentially different
sources. One would be Thomas Graham of Virginia.
Thomas Graham of
THIS IS A WORK IN PROGRESS, AS SUCH I WILL NOT CITE ANY REFERENCE MATERIALS EXECPT BY NAME OR DATE WHEN I HAVE IT AVAILABLE, AS I WAS CARELESS IN MY RESEARCH AND IT MAY CONTAIN INACCURATE INFORMATION ALTHOUGH IT ALL MAKES SENSE IN MY HEAD.
Thomas Graham was born in about 1647. Little has been known or written about him, officially in the records but I have recently made some interesting findings through old records.
THIS IS A WORK IN PROGRESS, and links him directly with the Grahams of Duchrae(Duchray) of Meneteith, (Highlanders), who I think would be considered by many to be one of the true heirs to the Earldom of Menteith, rather than the Earl of Airth, William Graham, 7th Earl of Menteith, who some genealogists (from the 1600’s to the 1900’s) believe stole the Earldom of Meneith, as he was not truly the direct male heir of the Grahams of Meneith.
Most researchers of Thomas Graham will find him listed on the Henry & Francis where he is listed as dying. The story of the Henry and Frances is well documented by many sources, which if read combined, give an accurate description of what happened on the ship.
Many of the prisoners on the
Henry and Frances were housed in the Tolbooth Leith. Persons who
are looking for errors on the list can check the name of Patrick Cunningham. It reports Patrick Cunningham as surviving
the journey on the Henry and Frances. According to the records from the Tolbooth of Leith, a Patrick Cunninghame (along with a few other names) attempted escape
AFTER the Henry and
In David Dobsons’ Directory of Scots Banished to the American Plantations, 1670-1755, a Thomas Graham is listed (References to Leith Tolbooth) and was said to have gotten on the Henry and Frances, and there is also a note of (Skirling) (Stirling?). It makes references to primary sources of the records of the Privy Counsel, which would have been maintained by the then current Earl of Menteith.
Five Graham prisoners were listed in Leith Tolbooth. Alexander, Ivor, John, Thomas, and Ivor.
Ivor Graham is of Innerneil,
Argyll, Alexander Graham Covenanter (with references to departing Leith, but not necessarily the jail), John
Graham (prisoner in cannongate tolbooth
with references to
Thomas Graham, within Dobson’s work is likely the Thomas Graham the subject of this writing, but puts him again upon the Henry and Frances.
Two William Grahams William
Graham was listed as Prisoner in Edinburg Tolbooth, transported form Leith
This record was apparently
gleaned from the Edinburg Tolbooth
records, and I have seen with my own eyes the order where a William Graham apparently
consented to go to
The ship was rarely mentioned.
Thomas Graham of
(There are later John Grahams of Rednock and Duchray, but I believe they have no relation to the lineage of John Graham of Duchray who was probably alive in 1622 (or else land would likely not have been granted. I believe this to be a reasonable estimate of the date of birth of John Graham of Duchray given that the land would revert upon the death of Thomas, if he did not have Male issue.
The legend of the bridge at Alberfoyle in February of 1671 tells of the The 7th Earl, William Graham, of Menteith and Airth, obtaining papers (of arrest) against William Graham. This legend is repeated, usually almost vertbatim, from many sources. It speaks of papers against John Graham of Duchray and his Son, executed by the Earl of Airth. The earl heard of the baptism of Thomas’s first born son, and knowing that they would be together, came and had them arrested.
(It can be noted here that most Genealogists
show Christopher Graham born in
If the story is to be believed accurate (and given that most history was oral among the menteith it probably was, then the very young or one year old Christopher Graham most likely escaped to Ireland to marry Margaret Florence Risk about 1699, dying in Augusta County Virginia.
The same day as the bridge
incident, there is an odd order in the records of the criminal proceedings in
PREPARATIONS AND ANTICIPATION
John Graham of Duchray made certain land grants to Thomas Graham before his incarceration, including that of Sheriffdom of Sterling.
Some land held by John Graham of Duchray deeply drew the ire of the Earl of Airth, but I am not sure exactly what at this point.
Both Thomas Graham and John Graham of Duchray seem to make some land grants (which appear to be invalid or of little consequence for one reason or another) shortly after their incarceration. (Which leaves me to wonder about torture and the like to get signatures). While John of Duchray seems to have signed an invalid land grant, Thomas of Duchrae does not sign anything. An Elder “Thomas Graham” is referenced in land grants later, also pertaining to the sheriffdom of sterling.
Tracing the title to the Clashmore and Clashbeg in Barony of Drummond, sheriffdom of sterling seems like it is of the most importance, and it starts with Thomas Graham of Inchrie, then to John Graham of Duchray, and then to Thomas Graham of Duchray. Here are my notes, which are to serve as a sort of title search on the Lands of Duchray>
In 1706, Clashmore and Clashbeg, by act of the throne, were given to the Graham of Montrose.
(Conflicts within information,
Thomas Graham was said to have been in Leith Tolbooth in 1684 but he shows up in
It is likely that Thomas Graham
was successful in
· Died c. 1755 (Somewhere along the line, I read that Thomas Graham lived to be 108 years old, which seems improbable, but the author also noted that this was improbable but likely in his geneaology.
1. Christopher Graham
c. 1670 Rappahannock
· Died before 1699 Richmond Co VA
3. Edward Graham b. c. 1675 Rappahannock
c. 1680 Rappahannock
· 1704 Richmond Co VA Records: James Graham
· 1706 Westmoreland Co VA Records: James Graham
· 1715 Westmoreland Co VA Records: James Graham
· Died 6/1717 Westmoreland Co VA